The world, and everything in it, moves. Even seemingly stationary things, such as a roadway, move with Earth’s rotation, Earth’s orbit around the Sun.the Sun’s orbit. around the center of the Milky Way galaxy, and that galaxy’s migration relative to other galaxies. The classification and comparison of motions (called kinematics) is often challenging. What exactly do you measure, and how do you compare?
Before we attempt an answer, we shall examine some general properties of
motion that is restricted in three ways.
1. The motion is along a straight line only. The line may be vertical (that of a falling stone), horizontal (that of a car on a level highway), or slanted, but it must be straight.
2. Forces (pushes and pulls) cause motion, but forces will not be discussed until Chapter 5. In this chapter you study only the motion itself, and changes in the motion. Does the moving object speed up, slow down, stop, or reverse direction.If the motion does change, how is time involved in the change?
3. The moving object is either a particle (by which we mean a point like object such as an electron) or an object that moves like a particle (such that every portion moves in the same direction and at the same rate). A stiff pig slipping down a straight playground slide might be considered to be moving like a practice;however, a tumbling tumbleweed would not, because different points inside it move in different directions.